Mount Hood – Cascade Range in Oregon

Mount Hood




Author: Olga Karavaeva

The highest mountain in Oregon and the 4th highest in the Cascade Range, Mount Hood is located about 50 miles (80 km) east of the Portland metropolitan area. The mountain serves as a major contributor of water, scenic, and recreational resources sustaining the agricultural and tourist sectors of the surrounding communities.

Basics

The height estimates of Mount Hood fluctuated throughout its history, and the actual changes in elevation due to mild seismic activity are not the only reason for that.

In the past, the height estimates varied considerably – from 10,000 feet (3,000 m) estimated by early explorers, to 19,400 feet (5,900 m) estimated by a Mr. Belden, who claimed to have climbed the mountain. At some point, Mount Hood was even considered the highest peak in North America.

Modern technology allowed to mitigate the range of estimates and to reduce the list of possible heights to three -- 11,240 feet (3,426 m), 11,239 feet (3,426 m), and 11,249 feet (3,429 m).

Mount Hood's peak is covered by 12 named glaciers and permanent snowfields with the total area of around 5 square miles (13.5 square km). Summer meltdown of glaciers and seasonal snow packs provides irrigation to the Hood River Valley well-known for its fruit orchards.




Mount Hood

Region: Columbia Gorge & Mt.Hood, Oregon, U.S.
Mount Hood National Forest
Parent Range: Cascade, part of the American Cordillera
County: Clackamas and Hood River
Elevation: 11,249 ft (3,429 m)
Prominence: 7,707 ft (2349 m)
Last Major Eruption: 1790
GPS Coordinates: 45.3735, -121.696

Average Winter T° (Timberline): 21°F (-6°C)
Average Summer T° (Timberline): 53°F (12°C)

Mount Hood Name

The Multnomah tribe called the mountain Wy'east. One of the legends tells about Wy’east and Pahto, the two sons of the Great Spirit, who engaged in a severe battle for the affections of the beautiful Loowit. The enraged Great Spirit turned all three into mountains -- Pahto into Mount Adams, Loowit into Mount St. Helens, and Wy’east into Mount Hood.

The present-day name dates to 1792, when Lt. William Broughton, a member of Captain George Vancouver’s expedition, named the mountain after the British Admiral Lord Samuel Hood.

Mount Hood Volcano

Mount Hood is Oregon’s volcano most likely to erupt within the next 30 years. The probability is estimated between 3% and 7%. Like the infamous Vesuvius (responsible for the destruction of the ancient Pompeii), Mount Hood is a stratovolcano built by multiple layers of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash.

Mount Hood is more than 500,000 years old. The volcano has grown in fits and starts, with periods of frequent eruptions followed by dormant periods. The last major eruption happened in the 1790's. Crater Rock, a 550-foot lava dome on the mountain’s southern side, serves as a reminder of those events.

In 1806, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark came across a wide and shallow river with the bed “formed entirely of quicksand”. They named it Quicksand River, which later became Sandy River. Mount Hood is the reason, why the contemporary narrow and relatively deep Sandy River is so different from the description provided by Lewis and Clark. Huge amounts of rock and sand resulted from the

1790’s eruption ended up in the Sandy River and were yet to be removed by the stream at the time of the Lewis and Clark expedition.

Minor explosive activities were reported in 1865, but since then Mount Hood remained relatively quiet. US Geological Survey (USGS) considers the volcano “potentially active” and monitors it closely. Scientists expect the next eruption to take the form of small explosions and growth and a collapse of lava domes, generating pyroclastic flows, ash clouds, and lahars. A significant eruption of Mount Hood would displace several thousand residents and cause billion-dollar damage to property.

Mount Hood Recreation

Mount HoodMount Hood is a major tourist destination, especially for skiers, climbers, hikers, and campers.

Climbing and skiing are most popular from May to Mid-July, a time slot between the avalanche season and the period of serious crevasses and rockfalls. The mountain has six ski areas totaling over 7.2 square miles (19 square km) of skiable terrain, with the Timberline area being the only year-round lift-served skiing location in North America.

Mount Hood is believed to have the most climbed glaciated peak in North America, and 2nd in the world behind Mount Fuji in Japan. According to the Forest Service, from 8,000 to 10,000 people attempt to climb Mount Hood every year. The mountain is also extremely popular among less experienced climbers due to its relatively low altitude, easy approach, and short climbing distances. Even dogs are permitted and frequently make the summit.

Mount Hood Area is well-known for its hiking trails, which vary in difficulty and length – from a moderate and family friendly 2.7-mile Mountaineer Trail Loop, to a difficult 38.4-mile Timberline Trail, which takes you as far as the 7,350-feet elevation and provides terrific views and a unique insight into the geological history of Mount Hood.




Mount Hood Events

Saturday Night Lights Fireworks on Mount Hood are held one Saturday each month from December to March.
Snow Beach Festival is held during the Spring Break.
Ski For Sunshine takes place at the end of March. 

Upcoming Events

Mar
3
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Mar 3 – Dec 29 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Apr
7
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Apr 7 2017 – Feb 2 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
May
5
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
May 5 2017 – Mar 2 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Jun
2
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Jun 2 2017 – Mar 30 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Jul
7
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Jul 7 2017 – May 4 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Aug
4
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Aug 4 2017 – Jun 1 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Sep
1
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Sep 1 2017 – Jun 29 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Oct
6
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Oct 6 2017 – Aug 3 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Nov
3
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Nov 3 2017 – Aug 31 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //
Dec
1
Fri
2017
all-day First Friday Art Walk
First Friday Art Walk
Dec 1 2017 – Sep 29 2018 all-day
First Friday Art Walk @ Troutdale | Oregon | United States
// First Friday Art Walk The first Friday of each month Historic Downtown Troutdale businesses host a cultural event offering dozens of local artists exhibiting their works of art. Live music, shops, wine tasting. // Location: Columbia River Gallery 303 E Historic Columbia River Highway Troutdale, Oregon 97060 Website: columbiarivergallery.com // //

Nearby Points of Interest

Multnomah FallsNo wonder that Multnomah Falls is one of the most visited natural recreation sites in Oregon. The place offers magnificent views, interesting hiking trails, and a peek into the exciting geological history of the region...

Bonneville Dam, Shad FishingDespite having purely utilitarian reasons for existence, Bonneville Dam and Bonneville Dam Historic District have been a National Historic Landmark since 1987...

Cascade LocksCascade Locks is located 40 miles east of Portland, in the middle of the Columbia Gorge National Scenic Area. Despite the name, there are no operational locks in the town today...

Bagby Hot SpringsBagby Hot Springs are located in the old-growth Mount Hood National Forest, 67 miles southeast of Portland and 88 miles northeast of Salem...

Weather Forecast, ELEV. 5400 FT

Overcast
Sunday
12/17 20%
Overcast
High 46° / Low 42°
Chance of Rain
Monday
12/18 50%
Chance of Rain
High 48° / Low 40°
Rain
Tuesday
12/19 70%
Rain
High 47° / Low 32°
Snow Showers
Wednesday
12/20 50%
Snow Showers
High 38° / Low 22°
Partly Cloudy
Thursday
12/21 10%
Partly Cloudy
High 37° / Low 27°

Weather Forecast, ELEV. 1,247 FT

Chance of Rain
Sunday
12/17 50%
Chance of Rain
High 44° / Low 41°
Chance of Rain
Monday
12/18 60%
Chance of Rain
High 46° / Low 42°
Snow
Tuesday
12/19 70%
Snow
High 46° / Low 32°
Snow
Wednesday
12/20 70%
Snow
High 37° / Low 22°
Clear
Thursday
12/21 10%
Clear
High 37° / Low 27°

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